Iglesia ni cristo ang dating daan rivalry
The earliest settlement routes, however, remain contested between Borneo and Taiwan.
By the first millennium CE, the various isolated communities of the islands evolved into important trade posts attracting various merchants from as far as India and China, and by the 1300s Islam made its headway, starting with the Sulu Islands to the southwest and reaching as far as Manila.
After a long hiatus, Spanish colonization began in earnest in 1565 from Cebu under Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, before conquering Panay and finally Manila in 1571, where they established the capital of the Spanish East Indies, which includes what is now Guam, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Northern Mariana Islands and Palau.
It was also part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain with Mexico, during which time Manila and Acapulco became the ports-of-call for galleon fleets which bring migrants, food and missionaries, thus contributing to the Philippines' Latin American flavor.
Although the islands had few, if any, traces of the great centralised kingdoms in most of the rest of Southeast Asia, they were occupied by several small, functionally independent, royal city-states, generally established along riverbanks or coastal areas, known as (especially after the Islamic influx; this is still true for hereditary rulers in Mindanao, for example).
The more notable examples of precolonial kingdoms include Cebu, Butuan, Tondo (the kingdom that issued the debt pardon inscribed on the Laguna Copperplate, above), and Manila (formerly named Seludong), as well as the more organised Sultanates of Sulu and Maguindanao in the south.
The Spanish East Indies, however, also saw many a threat from within (local insurgents and Muslim warlords in Mindanao) and without (Chinese pirates and fellow colonists from the Netherlands and Portugal), including a three-year occupation by the British as a Spin-Off of the Seven Years' War (1762-1764).
That officially ended in 1902 after Aguinaldo was captured, though pockets of resistance remained for a decade afterwards.However, the Spanish government surrendered to the Americans alone and handed over the Philippines to the US with the Treaty of Paris with zero involvement from the Filipinos.The US was in its international expansionist phase, as was happening in Cuba.), is a Southeast Asian country with an amalgamation of Malay, Chinese, and Spanish roots and cultures on the western end of the Pacific Ocean.Made up of 7,107 islands (divided between Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao regions), the Philippines is the fourth-largest Asian Anglophone country, much of its population having Austronesian roots.
Quezon at the presidential seat, which aimed to prepare the Philippines for self-rule in 1945. Manila was declared an "open city" to prevent destruction, but American and Filipino forces staggered on until they were finally overwhelmed at Corregidor island and Bataan peninsula, while Douglas Mac Arthur, leader of the United States Armed Forces in the Far East (USAFFE), was forced to flee to Australia on orders from President Franklin D.